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check_dhcp.c

/******************************************************************************
*
* Nagios check_dhcp plugin
*
* License: GPL
* Copyright (c) 2001-2004 Ethan Galstad (nagios@nagios.org)
* Copyright (c) 2001-2006 Nagios Plugin Development Team
*
* Last Modified: $Date: 2007-10-25 21:43:04 +0100 (Thu, 25 Oct 2007) $
*
* Description:
*
* This file contains the check_dhcp plugin
*
*  This plugin tests the availability of DHCP servers on a network.
*
*
* License Information:
*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
* it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
* the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
* (at your option) any later version.
*
* This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
* GNU General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
* along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
* Foundation, Inc., 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
*
* $Id: check_dhcp.c 1810 2007-10-25 20:43:04Z tonvoon $
*
* ------------------------------------------------------------------------
* Unicast mode was originally implemented by Heiti of Boras Kommun with
* general improvements as well as usability fixes and "forward"-porting by
* Andreas Ericsson of OP5 AB.
* ------------------------------------------------------------------------
*
*****************************************************************************/

const char *progname = "check_dhcp";
const char *revision = "$Revision: 1810 $";
const char *copyright = "2001-2006";
const char *email = "nagiosplug-devel@lists.sourceforge.net";

#include "common.h"
#include "netutils.h"
#include "utils.h"

#include <ctype.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <sys/time.h>
#include <sys/ioctl.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <getopt.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <netdb.h>
#include <netinet/in.h>
#include <net/if.h>
#include <arpa/inet.h>
#if HAVE_SYS_SOCKIO_H
#include <sys/sockio.h>
#endif

#if defined( __linux__ )

#include <linux/if_ether.h>
#include <features.h>

#elif defined (__bsd__)

#include <netinet/if_ether.h>
#include <sys/param.h>
#include <sys/sysctl.h>
#include <net/if_dl.h>

#elif defined(__sun__) || defined(__solaris__) || defined(__hpux__)

#define INSAP 22 
#define OUTSAP 24 

#include <signal.h>
#include <ctype.h>
#include <sys/stropts.h>
#include <sys/poll.h>
#include <sys/dlpi.h>

#define bcopy(source, destination, length) memcpy(destination, source, length)

#define AREA_SZ 5000          /* buffer length in bytes */ 
static u_long ctl_area[AREA_SZ];
static u_long dat_area[AREA_SZ];
static struct strbuf ctl = {AREA_SZ, 0, (char *)ctl_area};
static struct strbuf dat = {AREA_SZ, 0, (char *)dat_area};

#define GOT_CTRL 1 
#define GOT_DATA 2 
#define GOT_BOTH 3 
#define GOT_INTR 4 
#define GOT_ERR 128 

#define u_int8_t   uint8_t
#define u_int16_t uint16_t
#define u_int32_t uint32_t

static int get_msg(int);
static int check_ctrl(int);
static int put_ctrl(int, int, int);
static int put_both(int, int, int, int);
static int dl_open(const char *, int, int *);
static int dl_bind(int, int, u_char *);
long mac_addr_dlpi( const char *, int, u_char *);

#endif



/**** Common definitions ****/

#define OK                0
#define ERROR             -1

#define FALSE             0
#define TRUE              1


/**** DHCP definitions ****/

#define MAX_DHCP_CHADDR_LENGTH           16
#define MAX_DHCP_SNAME_LENGTH            64
#define MAX_DHCP_FILE_LENGTH             128
#define MAX_DHCP_OPTIONS_LENGTH          312


typedef struct dhcp_packet_struct{
        u_int8_t  op;                   /* packet type */
        u_int8_t  htype;                /* type of hardware address for this machine (Ethernet, etc) */
        u_int8_t  hlen;                 /* length of hardware address (of this machine) */
        u_int8_t  hops;                 /* hops */
        u_int32_t xid;                  /* random transaction id number - chosen by this machine */
        u_int16_t secs;                 /* seconds used in timing */
        u_int16_t flags;                /* flags */
        struct in_addr ciaddr;          /* IP address of this machine (if we already have one) */
        struct in_addr yiaddr;          /* IP address of this machine (offered by the DHCP server) */
        struct in_addr siaddr;          /* IP address of DHCP server */
        struct in_addr giaddr;          /* IP address of DHCP relay */
        unsigned char chaddr [MAX_DHCP_CHADDR_LENGTH];      /* hardware address of this machine */
        char sname [MAX_DHCP_SNAME_LENGTH];    /* name of DHCP server */
        char file [MAX_DHCP_FILE_LENGTH];      /* boot file name (used for diskless booting?) */
      char options[MAX_DHCP_OPTIONS_LENGTH];  /* options */
        }dhcp_packet;


typedef struct dhcp_offer_struct{
      struct in_addr server_address;   /* address of DHCP server that sent this offer */
      struct in_addr offered_address;  /* the IP address that was offered to us */
      u_int32_t lease_time;            /* lease time in seconds */
      u_int32_t renewal_time;          /* renewal time in seconds */
      u_int32_t rebinding_time;        /* rebinding time in seconds */
      struct dhcp_offer_struct *next;
        }dhcp_offer;


typedef struct requested_server_struct{
      struct in_addr server_address;
      int answered;
      struct requested_server_struct *next;
        }requested_server;


#define BOOTREQUEST     1
#define BOOTREPLY       2

#define DHCPDISCOVER    1
#define DHCPOFFER       2
#define DHCPREQUEST     3
#define DHCPDECLINE     4
#define DHCPACK         5
#define DHCPNACK        6
#define DHCPRELEASE     7

#define DHCP_OPTION_MESSAGE_TYPE        53
#define DHCP_OPTION_HOST_NAME           12
#define DHCP_OPTION_BROADCAST_ADDRESS   28
#define DHCP_OPTION_REQUESTED_ADDRESS   50
#define DHCP_OPTION_LEASE_TIME          51
#define DHCP_OPTION_SERVER_IDENTIFIER   54
#define DHCP_OPTION_RENEWAL_TIME        58
#define DHCP_OPTION_REBINDING_TIME      59
#define DHCP_OPTION_END                 255

#define DHCP_INFINITE_TIME              0xFFFFFFFF

#define DHCP_BROADCAST_FLAG 32768
#define DHCP_UNICAST_FLAG   0

#define DHCP_SERVER_PORT   67
#define DHCP_CLIENT_PORT   68

#define ETHERNET_HARDWARE_ADDRESS            1     /* used in htype field of dhcp packet */
#define ETHERNET_HARDWARE_ADDRESS_LENGTH     6     /* length of Ethernet hardware addresses */

u_int8_t unicast = 0;        /* unicast mode: mimic a DHCP relay */
struct in_addr my_ip;        /* our address (required for relay) */
struct in_addr dhcp_ip;      /* server to query (if in unicast mode) */
unsigned char client_hardware_address[MAX_DHCP_CHADDR_LENGTH]="";
unsigned char *user_specified_mac=NULL;

char network_interface_name[IFNAMSIZ]="eth0";

u_int32_t packet_xid=0;

u_int32_t dhcp_lease_time=0;
u_int32_t dhcp_renewal_time=0;
u_int32_t dhcp_rebinding_time=0;

int dhcpoffer_timeout=2;

dhcp_offer *dhcp_offer_list=NULL;
requested_server *requested_server_list=NULL;

int valid_responses=0;     /* number of valid DHCPOFFERs we received */
int requested_servers=0;   
int requested_responses=0;

int request_specific_address=FALSE;
int received_requested_address=FALSE;
int verbose=0;
struct in_addr requested_address;


int process_arguments(int, char **);
int call_getopt(int, char **);
int validate_arguments(void);
void print_usage(void);
void print_help(void);

void resolve_host(const char *in,struct in_addr *out);
unsigned char *mac_aton(const char *);
void print_hardware_address(const unsigned char *);
int get_hardware_address(int,char *);
int get_ip_address(int,char *);

int send_dhcp_discover(int);
int get_dhcp_offer(int);

int get_results(void);

int add_dhcp_offer(struct in_addr,dhcp_packet *);
int free_dhcp_offer_list(void);
int free_requested_server_list(void);

int create_dhcp_socket(void);
int close_dhcp_socket(int);
int send_dhcp_packet(void *,int,int,struct sockaddr_in *);
int receive_dhcp_packet(void *,int,int,int,struct sockaddr_in *);



int main(int argc, char **argv){
      int dhcp_socket;
      int result = STATE_UNKNOWN;

      setlocale (LC_ALL, "");
      bindtextdomain (PACKAGE, LOCALEDIR);
      textdomain (PACKAGE);

      if(process_arguments(argc,argv)!=OK){
            usage4 (_("Could not parse arguments"));
            }

      /* this plugin almost certainly needs root permissions. */
      np_warn_if_not_root();
      
      /* create socket for DHCP communications */
      dhcp_socket=create_dhcp_socket();

      /* get hardware address of client machine */
      if(user_specified_mac!=NULL)
            memcpy(client_hardware_address,user_specified_mac,6);
      else
            get_hardware_address(dhcp_socket,network_interface_name);

      if(unicast) /* get IP address of client machine */
            get_ip_address(dhcp_socket,network_interface_name);

      /* send DHCPDISCOVER packet */
      send_dhcp_discover(dhcp_socket);

      /* wait for a DHCPOFFER packet */
      get_dhcp_offer(dhcp_socket);

      /* close socket we created */
      close_dhcp_socket(dhcp_socket);

      /* determine state/plugin output to return */
      result=get_results();

      /* free allocated memory */
      free_dhcp_offer_list();
      free_requested_server_list();

      return result;
        }



/* determines hardware address on client machine */
int get_hardware_address(int sock,char *interface_name){

#if defined(__linux__)
      struct ifreq ifr;

      strncpy((char *)&ifr.ifr_name,interface_name,sizeof(ifr.ifr_name)-1);
      ifr.ifr_name[sizeof(ifr.ifr_name)-1]='\0';
      
      /* try and grab hardware address of requested interface */
      if(ioctl(sock,SIOCGIFHWADDR,&ifr)<0){
                printf(_("Error: Could not get hardware address of interface '%s'\n"),interface_name);
            exit(STATE_UNKNOWN);
              }

      memcpy(&client_hardware_address[0],&ifr.ifr_hwaddr.sa_data,6);

#elif defined(__bsd__)
                                    /* King 2004      see ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS */

        int                     mib[6], len;
        char                    *buf;
        unsigned char           *ptr;
        struct if_msghdr        *ifm;
        struct sockaddr_dl      *sdl;

        mib[0] = CTL_NET;
        mib[1] = AF_ROUTE;
        mib[2] = 0;
        mib[3] = AF_LINK;
        mib[4] = NET_RT_IFLIST;

        if((mib[5] = if_nametoindex(interface_name)) == 0){
                printf(_("Error: if_nametoindex error - %s.\n"), strerror(errno));
                exit(STATE_UNKNOWN);
            }

        if(sysctl(mib, 6, NULL, &len, NULL, 0) < 0){
                printf(_("Error: Couldn't get hardware address from %s. sysctl 1 error - %s.\n"), interface_name, strerror(errno));
                exit(STATE_UNKNOWN);
            }

        if((buf = malloc(len)) == NULL){
                printf(_("Error: Couldn't get hardware address from interface %s. malloc error - %s.\n"), interface_name, strerror(errno));
                exit(4);
            }

        if(sysctl(mib, 6, buf, &len, NULL, 0) < 0){
                printf(_("Error: Couldn't get hardware address from %s. sysctl 2 error - %s.\n"), interface_name, strerror(errno));
                exit(STATE_UNKNOWN);
            }

        ifm = (struct if_msghdr *)buf;
        sdl = (struct sockaddr_dl *)(ifm + 1);
        ptr = (unsigned char *)LLADDR(sdl);
        memcpy(&client_hardware_address[0], ptr, 6) ;
                                    /* King 2004 */

#elif defined(__sun__) || defined(__solaris__)

                                    /* Kompf 2000-2003      see ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS */
      long stat;
      char dev[20] = "/dev/";
      char *p;
      int unit;

      for(p = interface_name; *p && isalpha(*p); p++)
            /* no-op */ ;
      if( p != '\0' ){
            unit = atoi(p) ;
            *p = '\0' ;
            strncat(dev, interface_name, 6) ;
            } 
      else{
            printf(_("Error: can't find unit number in interface_name (%s) - expecting TypeNumber eg lnc0.\n"), interface_name);
            exit(STATE_UNKNOWN);
            }
      stat = mac_addr_dlpi(dev, unit, client_hardware_address);
      if(stat != 0){
            printf(_("Error: can't read MAC address from DLPI streams interface for device %s unit %d.\n"), dev, unit);
            exit(STATE_UNKNOWN);
            }

#elif defined(__hpux__)

      long stat;
      char dev[20] = "/dev/dlpi" ;
      int unit = 0;

      stat = mac_addr_dlpi(dev, unit, client_hardware_address);
      if(stat != 0){
            printf(_("Error: can't read MAC address from DLPI streams interface for device %s unit %d.\n"), dev, unit);
            exit(STATE_UNKNOWN);
            }
                                    /* Kompf 2000-2003 */

#else
      printf(_("Error: can't get MAC address for this architecture.  Use the --mac option.\n"));
      exit(STATE_UNKNOWN);
#endif

      if(verbose)
            print_hardware_address(client_hardware_address);

      return OK;
        }

/* determines IP address of the client interface */
int get_ip_address(int sock,char *interface_name){
#if defined(SIOCGIFADDR)
      struct ifreq ifr;

      strncpy((char *)&ifr.ifr_name,interface_name,sizeof(ifr.ifr_name)-1);
      ifr.ifr_name[sizeof(ifr.ifr_name)-1]='\0';

      if(ioctl(sock,SIOCGIFADDR,&ifr)<0){
            printf(_("Error: Cannot determine IP address of interface %s\n"),
                  interface_name);
            exit(STATE_UNKNOWN);
            }

      my_ip=((struct sockaddr_in *)&ifr.ifr_addr)->sin_addr;

#else
      printf(_("Error: Cannot get interface IP address on this platform.\n"));
      exit(STATE_UNKNOWN);
#endif

      if(verbose)
            printf(_("Pretending to be relay client %s\n"),inet_ntoa(my_ip));

      return OK;
      }

/* sends a DHCPDISCOVER broadcast message in an attempt to find DHCP servers */
int send_dhcp_discover(int sock){
      dhcp_packet discover_packet;
      struct sockaddr_in sockaddr_broadcast;
    unsigned short opts;


      /* clear the packet data structure */
      bzero(&discover_packet,sizeof(discover_packet));


      /* boot request flag (backward compatible with BOOTP servers) */
      discover_packet.op=BOOTREQUEST;

      /* hardware address type */
      discover_packet.htype=ETHERNET_HARDWARE_ADDRESS;

      /* length of our hardware address */
      discover_packet.hlen=ETHERNET_HARDWARE_ADDRESS_LENGTH;

      /*
       * transaction ID is supposed to be random.  We won't use the address so
       * we don't care about high entropy here.  time(2) is good enough.
       */
      srand(time(NULL));
      packet_xid=random();
      discover_packet.xid=htonl(packet_xid);

      /**** WHAT THE HECK IS UP WITH THIS?!?  IF I DON'T MAKE THIS CALL, ONLY ONE SERVER RESPONSE IS PROCESSED!!!! ****/
      /* downright bizzarre... */
      ntohl(discover_packet.xid);

      /*discover_packet.secs=htons(65535);*/
      discover_packet.secs=0xFF;

      /*
       * server needs to know if it should broadcast or unicast its response:
       * 0x8000L == 32768 == 1 << 15 == broadcast, 0 == unicast
       */
      discover_packet.flags = unicast ? 0 : htons(DHCP_BROADCAST_FLAG);

      /* our hardware address */
      memcpy(discover_packet.chaddr,client_hardware_address,ETHERNET_HARDWARE_ADDRESS_LENGTH);

      /* first four bytes of options field is magic cookie (as per RFC 2132) */
      discover_packet.options[0]='\x63';
      discover_packet.options[1]='\x82';
      discover_packet.options[2]='\x53';
      discover_packet.options[3]='\x63';

    opts = 4;
      /* DHCP message type is embedded in options field */
      discover_packet.options[opts++]=DHCP_OPTION_MESSAGE_TYPE;    /* DHCP message type option identifier */
      discover_packet.options[opts++]='\x01';               /* DHCP message option length in bytes */
      discover_packet.options[opts++]=DHCPDISCOVER;

      /* the IP address we're requesting */
      if(request_specific_address==TRUE){
            discover_packet.options[opts++]=DHCP_OPTION_REQUESTED_ADDRESS;
            discover_packet.options[opts++]='\x04';
            memcpy(&discover_packet.options[opts],&requested_address,sizeof(requested_address));
            opts += sizeof(requested_address);
              }
      discover_packet.options[opts++]=DHCP_OPTION_END;
      
      /* unicast fields */
      if(unicast)
            discover_packet.giaddr.s_addr = my_ip.s_addr;

      /* see RFC 1542, 4.1.1 */
      discover_packet.hops = unicast ? 1 : 0;

      /* send the DHCPDISCOVER packet to broadcast address */
        sockaddr_broadcast.sin_family=AF_INET;
        sockaddr_broadcast.sin_port=htons(DHCP_SERVER_PORT);
      sockaddr_broadcast.sin_addr.s_addr = unicast ? dhcp_ip.s_addr : INADDR_BROADCAST;
      bzero(&sockaddr_broadcast.sin_zero,sizeof(sockaddr_broadcast.sin_zero));


      if(verbose){
            printf(_("DHCPDISCOVER to %s port %d\n"),inet_ntoa(sockaddr_broadcast.sin_addr),ntohs(sockaddr_broadcast.sin_port));
            printf("DHCPDISCOVER XID: %u (0x%X)\n",ntohl(discover_packet.xid),ntohl(discover_packet.xid));
            printf("DHCDISCOVER ciaddr:  %s\n",inet_ntoa(discover_packet.ciaddr));
            printf("DHCDISCOVER yiaddr:  %s\n",inet_ntoa(discover_packet.yiaddr));
            printf("DHCDISCOVER siaddr:  %s\n",inet_ntoa(discover_packet.siaddr));
            printf("DHCDISCOVER giaddr:  %s\n",inet_ntoa(discover_packet.giaddr));
            }

      /* send the DHCPDISCOVER packet out */
      send_dhcp_packet(&discover_packet,sizeof(discover_packet),sock,&sockaddr_broadcast);

      if(verbose) 
            printf("\n\n");

      return OK;
        }




/* waits for a DHCPOFFER message from one or more DHCP servers */
int get_dhcp_offer(int sock){
      dhcp_packet offer_packet;
      struct sockaddr_in source;
      struct sockaddr_in via;
      int result=OK;
      int responses=0;
      int x;
      time_t start_time;
      time_t current_time;

      time(&start_time);

      /* receive as many responses as we can */
      for(responses=0,valid_responses=0;;){

            time(&current_time);
            if((current_time-start_time)>=dhcpoffer_timeout)
                  break;

            if(verbose) 
                  printf("\n\n");

            bzero(&source,sizeof(source));
            bzero(&via,sizeof(via));
            bzero(&offer_packet,sizeof(offer_packet));

            result=OK;
            result=receive_dhcp_packet(&offer_packet,sizeof(offer_packet),sock,dhcpoffer_timeout,&source);
            
            if(result!=OK){
                  if(verbose)
                        printf(_("Result=ERROR\n"));

                  continue;
                    }
            else{
                  if(verbose) 
                        printf(_("Result=OK\n"));

                  responses++;
                    }

            /* The "source" is either a server or a relay. */
            /* Save a copy of "source" into "via" even if it's via itself */
            memcpy(&via,&source,sizeof(source)) ;

            /* If siaddr is non-zero, set "source" to siaddr */
            if(offer_packet.siaddr.s_addr != 0L){
                  source.sin_addr.s_addr = offer_packet.siaddr.s_addr ;
                  }

            if(verbose){
                  printf(_("DHCPOFFER from IP address %s"),inet_ntoa(source.sin_addr));
                  printf(_(" via %s\n"),inet_ntoa(via.sin_addr));
                  printf("DHCPOFFER XID: %u (0x%X)\n",ntohl(offer_packet.xid),ntohl(offer_packet.xid));
                  }

            /* check packet xid to see if its the same as the one we used in the discover packet */
            if(ntohl(offer_packet.xid)!=packet_xid){
                  if(verbose)
                        printf(_("DHCPOFFER XID (%u) did not match DHCPDISCOVER XID (%u) - ignoring packet\n"),ntohl(offer_packet.xid),packet_xid);

                  continue;
                    }

            /* check hardware address */
            result=OK;
            if(verbose)
                  printf("DHCPOFFER chaddr: ");

            for(x=0;x<ETHERNET_HARDWARE_ADDRESS_LENGTH;x++){
                  if(verbose)
                        printf("%02X",(unsigned char)offer_packet.chaddr[x]);

                  if(offer_packet.chaddr[x]!=client_hardware_address[x])
                        result=ERROR;
                  }
            if(verbose)
                  printf("\n");

            if(result==ERROR){
                  if(verbose) 
                        printf(_("DHCPOFFER hardware address did not match our own - ignoring packet\n"));

                  continue;
                    }

            if(verbose){
                  printf("DHCPOFFER ciaddr: %s\n",inet_ntoa(offer_packet.ciaddr));
                  printf("DHCPOFFER yiaddr: %s\n",inet_ntoa(offer_packet.yiaddr));
                  printf("DHCPOFFER siaddr: %s\n",inet_ntoa(offer_packet.siaddr));
                  printf("DHCPOFFER giaddr: %s\n",inet_ntoa(offer_packet.giaddr));
                  }

            add_dhcp_offer(source.sin_addr,&offer_packet);

            valid_responses++;
              }

      if(verbose){
            printf(_("Total responses seen on the wire: %d\n"),responses);
            printf(_("Valid responses for this machine: %d\n"),valid_responses);
            }

      return OK;
        }



/* sends a DHCP packet */
int send_dhcp_packet(void *buffer, int buffer_size, int sock, struct sockaddr_in *dest){
      int result;

      result=sendto(sock,(char *)buffer,buffer_size,0,(struct sockaddr *)dest,sizeof(*dest));

      if(verbose) 
            printf(_("send_dhcp_packet result: %d\n"),result);

      if(result<0)
            return ERROR;

      return OK;
        }



/* receives a DHCP packet */
int receive_dhcp_packet(void *buffer, int buffer_size, int sock, int timeout, struct sockaddr_in *address){
        struct timeval tv;
        fd_set readfds;
      fd_set oobfds;
      int recv_result;
      socklen_t address_size;
      struct sockaddr_in source_address;
      int nfound;


        /* wait for data to arrive (up time timeout) */
        tv.tv_sec=timeout;
        tv.tv_usec=0;
        FD_ZERO(&readfds);
        FD_ZERO(&oobfds);
        FD_SET(sock,&readfds);
        FD_SET(sock,&oobfds);
        nfound = select(sock+1,&readfds,NULL,&oobfds,&tv);

        /* make sure some data has arrived */
        if(!FD_ISSET(sock,&readfds)){
            if(verbose)
                  printf(_("No (more) data received (nfound: %d)\n"), nfound);
                return ERROR;
                }

        else{

            /* why do we need to peek first?  i don't know, its a hack.  without it, the source address of the first packet received was
               not being interpreted correctly.  sigh... */
            bzero(&source_address,sizeof(source_address));
            address_size=sizeof(source_address);
                recv_result=recvfrom(sock,(char *)buffer,buffer_size,MSG_PEEK,(struct sockaddr *)&source_address,&address_size);
            if(verbose)
                  printf("recv_result_1: %d\n",recv_result);
                recv_result=recvfrom(sock,(char *)buffer,buffer_size,0,(struct sockaddr *)&source_address,&address_size);
            if(verbose)
                  printf("recv_result_2: %d\n",recv_result);

                if(recv_result==-1){
                  if(verbose){
                        printf(_("recvfrom() failed, "));
                        printf("errno: (%d) -> %s\n",errno,strerror(errno));
                        }
                        return ERROR;
                        }
            else{
                  if(verbose){
                        printf(_("receive_dhcp_packet() result: %d\n"),recv_result);
                        printf(_("receive_dhcp_packet() source: %s\n"),inet_ntoa(source_address.sin_addr));
                        }

                  memcpy(address,&source_address,sizeof(source_address));
                  return OK;
                    }
                }

      return OK;
        }


/* creates a socket for DHCP communication */
int create_dhcp_socket(void){
        struct sockaddr_in myname;
      struct ifreq interface;
        int sock;
        int flag=1;

        /* Set up the address we're going to bind to. */
      bzero(&myname,sizeof(myname));
        myname.sin_family=AF_INET;
        /* listen to DHCP server port if we're in unicast mode */
        myname.sin_port = htons(unicast ? DHCP_SERVER_PORT : DHCP_CLIENT_PORT);
        myname.sin_addr.s_addr = unicast ? my_ip.s_addr : INADDR_ANY;
        bzero(&myname.sin_zero,sizeof(myname.sin_zero));

        /* create a socket for DHCP communications */
      sock=socket(AF_INET,SOCK_DGRAM,IPPROTO_UDP);
        if(sock<0){
            printf(_("Error: Could not create socket!\n"));
            exit(STATE_UNKNOWN);
              }

      if(verbose)
            printf("DHCP socket: %d\n",sock);

        /* set the reuse address flag so we don't get errors when restarting */
        flag=1;
        if(setsockopt(sock,SOL_SOCKET,SO_REUSEADDR,(char *)&flag,sizeof(flag))<0){
            printf(_("Error: Could not set reuse address option on DHCP socket!\n"));
            exit(STATE_UNKNOWN);
              }

        /* set the broadcast option - we need this to listen to DHCP broadcast messages */
        if(setsockopt(sock,SOL_SOCKET,SO_BROADCAST,(char *)&flag,sizeof flag)<0){
            printf(_("Error: Could not set broadcast option on DHCP socket!\n"));
            exit(STATE_UNKNOWN);
              }

      /* bind socket to interface */
#if defined(__linux__)
      strncpy(interface.ifr_ifrn.ifrn_name,network_interface_name,IFNAMSIZ-1);
      interface.ifr_ifrn.ifrn_name[IFNAMSIZ-1]='\0';
      if(setsockopt(sock,SOL_SOCKET,SO_BINDTODEVICE,(char *)&interface,sizeof(interface))<0){
            printf(_("Error: Could not bind socket to interface %s.  Check your privileges...\n"),network_interface_name);
            exit(STATE_UNKNOWN);
              }

#else
      strncpy(interface.ifr_name,network_interface_name,IFNAMSIZ-1);
      interface.ifr_name[IFNAMSIZ-1]='\0';
#endif

        /* bind the socket */
        if(bind(sock,(struct sockaddr *)&myname,sizeof(myname))<0){
            printf(_("Error: Could not bind to DHCP socket (port %d)!  Check your privileges...\n"),DHCP_CLIENT_PORT);
            exit(STATE_UNKNOWN);
              }

        return sock;
        }


/* closes DHCP socket */
int close_dhcp_socket(int sock){

      close(sock);

      return OK;
        }


/* adds a requested server address to list in memory */
int add_requested_server(struct in_addr server_address){
      requested_server *new_server;

      new_server=(requested_server *)malloc(sizeof(requested_server));
      if(new_server==NULL)
            return ERROR;

      new_server->server_address=server_address;
      new_server->answered=FALSE;

      new_server->next=requested_server_list;
      requested_server_list=new_server;

      requested_servers++;

      if(verbose)
            printf(_("Requested server address: %s\n"),inet_ntoa(new_server->server_address));

      return OK;
        }




/* adds a DHCP OFFER to list in memory */
int add_dhcp_offer(struct in_addr source,dhcp_packet *offer_packet){
      dhcp_offer *new_offer;
      int x;
      unsigned option_type;
      unsigned option_length;
      struct in_addr serv_ident = {0};

      if(offer_packet==NULL)
            return ERROR;

      /* process all DHCP options present in the packet */
      for(x=4;x<MAX_DHCP_OPTIONS_LENGTH;){

            /* end of options (0 is really just a pad, but bail out anyway) */
            if((int)offer_packet->options[x]==-1 || (int)offer_packet->options[x]==0)
                  break;

            /* get option type */
            option_type=offer_packet->options[x++];

            /* get option length */
            option_length=offer_packet->options[x++];

            if(verbose) 
                  printf("Option: %d (0x%02X)\n",option_type,option_length);

            /* get option data */
            switch(option_type){
            case DHCP_OPTION_LEASE_TIME:
                  memcpy(&dhcp_lease_time, &offer_packet->options[x],sizeof(dhcp_lease_time));
                  dhcp_lease_time = ntohl(dhcp_lease_time);
                  break;
            case DHCP_OPTION_RENEWAL_TIME:
                  memcpy(&dhcp_renewal_time, &offer_packet->options[x],sizeof(dhcp_renewal_time));
                  dhcp_renewal_time = ntohl(dhcp_renewal_time);
                  break;
            case DHCP_OPTION_REBINDING_TIME:
                  memcpy(&dhcp_rebinding_time, &offer_packet->options[x],sizeof(dhcp_rebinding_time));
                  dhcp_rebinding_time = ntohl(dhcp_rebinding_time);
                  break;
            case DHCP_OPTION_SERVER_IDENTIFIER:
                  memcpy(&serv_ident.s_addr, &offer_packet->options[x],sizeof(serv_ident.s_addr));
                  break;
                  }

            /* skip option data we're ignoring */
            if(option_type!=DHCP_OPTION_REBINDING_TIME)
                  x+=option_length;
            }

      if(verbose){
            if(dhcp_lease_time==DHCP_INFINITE_TIME)
                  printf(_("Lease Time: Infinite\n"));
            else
                  printf(_("Lease Time: %lu seconds\n"),(unsigned long)dhcp_lease_time);
            if(dhcp_renewal_time==DHCP_INFINITE_TIME)
                  printf(_("Renewal Time: Infinite\n"));
            else
                  printf(_("Renewal Time: %lu seconds\n"),(unsigned long)dhcp_renewal_time);
            if(dhcp_rebinding_time==DHCP_INFINITE_TIME)
                  printf(_("Rebinding Time: Infinite\n"));
            printf(_("Rebinding Time: %lu seconds\n"),(unsigned long)dhcp_rebinding_time);
            }

      new_offer=(dhcp_offer *)malloc(sizeof(dhcp_offer));

      if(new_offer==NULL)
            return ERROR;

      /*
       * RFC 2131 (2.) says: "DHCP clarifies the interpretation of the
       * 'siaddr' field as the address of the server to use in the next step
       * of the client's bootstrap process.  A DHCP server may return its own
       * address in the 'siaddr' field, if the server is prepared to supply
       * the next bootstrap service (e.g., delivery of an operating system
       * executable image).  A DHCP server always returns its own address in
       * the 'server identifier' option."  'serv_ident' is the 'server
       * identifier' option, 'source' is the 'siaddr' field or (if 'siaddr'
       * wasn't available) the IP address we received the DHCPOFFER from.  If
       * 'serv_ident' isn't available for some reason, we use 'source'.
       */
      new_offer->server_address=serv_ident.s_addr?serv_ident:source;
      new_offer->offered_address=offer_packet->yiaddr;
      new_offer->lease_time=dhcp_lease_time;
      new_offer->renewal_time=dhcp_renewal_time;
      new_offer->rebinding_time=dhcp_rebinding_time;


      if(verbose){
            printf(_("Added offer from server @ %s"),inet_ntoa(new_offer->server_address));
            printf(_(" of IP address %s\n"),inet_ntoa(new_offer->offered_address));
            }

      /* add new offer to head of list */
      new_offer->next=dhcp_offer_list;
      dhcp_offer_list=new_offer;

      return OK;
        }


/* frees memory allocated to DHCP OFFER list */
int free_dhcp_offer_list(void){
      dhcp_offer *this_offer;
      dhcp_offer *next_offer;

      for(this_offer=dhcp_offer_list;this_offer!=NULL;this_offer=next_offer){
            next_offer=this_offer->next;
            free(this_offer);
              }

      return OK;
        }


/* frees memory allocated to requested server list */
int free_requested_server_list(void){
      requested_server *this_server;
      requested_server *next_server;

      for(this_server=requested_server_list;this_server!=NULL;this_server=next_server){
            next_server=this_server->next;
            free(this_server);
              }
      
      return OK;
        }


/* gets state and plugin output to return */
int get_results(void){
      dhcp_offer *temp_offer;
      requested_server *temp_server;
      int result;
      u_int32_t max_lease_time=0;

      received_requested_address=FALSE;

      /* checks responses from requested servers */
      requested_responses=0;
      if(requested_servers>0){

            for(temp_server=requested_server_list;temp_server!=NULL;temp_server=temp_server->next){

                  for(temp_offer=dhcp_offer_list;temp_offer!=NULL;temp_offer=temp_offer->next){

                        /* get max lease time we were offered */
                        if(temp_offer->lease_time>max_lease_time || temp_offer->lease_time==DHCP_INFINITE_TIME)
                              max_lease_time=temp_offer->lease_time;
                        
                        /* see if we got the address we requested */
                        if(!memcmp(&requested_address,&temp_offer->offered_address,sizeof(requested_address)))
                              received_requested_address=TRUE;

                        /* see if the servers we wanted a response from talked to us or not */
                        if(!memcmp(&temp_offer->server_address,&temp_server->server_address,sizeof(temp_server->server_address))){
                              if(verbose){
                                    printf(_("DHCP Server Match: Offerer=%s"),inet_ntoa(temp_offer->server_address));
                                    printf(_(" Requested=%s"),inet_ntoa(temp_server->server_address));
                                    if(temp_server->answered) 
                                          printf(_(" (duplicate)"));
                                    printf(_("\n"));
                                    }
                              if(temp_server->answered == FALSE){
                                    requested_responses++;
                                    temp_server->answered=TRUE;
                                    }
                                }
                            }
                    }

              }

      /* else check and see if we got our requested address from any server */
      else{

            for(temp_offer=dhcp_offer_list;temp_offer!=NULL;temp_offer=temp_offer->next){

                  /* get max lease time we were offered */
                  if(temp_offer->lease_time>max_lease_time || temp_offer->lease_time==DHCP_INFINITE_TIME)
                        max_lease_time=temp_offer->lease_time;
                        
                  /* see if we got the address we requested */
                  if(!memcmp(&requested_address,&temp_offer->offered_address,sizeof(requested_address)))
                        received_requested_address=TRUE;
                      }
              }

      result=STATE_OK;
      if(valid_responses==0)
            result=STATE_CRITICAL;
      else if(requested_servers>0 && requested_responses==0)
            result=STATE_CRITICAL;
      else if(requested_responses<requested_servers)
            result=STATE_WARNING;
      else if(request_specific_address==TRUE && received_requested_address==FALSE)
            result=STATE_WARNING;

      if(result==0)               /* garrett honeycutt 2005 */
            printf("OK: ");
      else if(result==1)
            printf("WARNING: ");
      else if(result==2)
            printf("CRITICAL: ");
      else if(result==3)
            printf("UNKNOWN: ");

      /* we didn't receive any DHCPOFFERs */
      if(dhcp_offer_list==NULL){
            printf(_("No DHCPOFFERs were received.\n"));
            return result;
              }

      printf(_("Received %d DHCPOFFER(s)"),valid_responses);

      if(requested_servers>0)
            printf(_(", %s%d of %d requested servers responded"),((requested_responses<requested_servers) && requested_responses>0)?"only ":"",requested_responses,requested_servers);

      if(request_specific_address==TRUE)
            printf(_(", requested address (%s) was %soffered"),inet_ntoa(requested_address),(received_requested_address==TRUE)?"":_("not "));

      printf(_(", max lease time = "));
      if(max_lease_time==DHCP_INFINITE_TIME)
            printf(_("Infinity"));
      else
            printf("%lu sec",(unsigned long)max_lease_time);

      printf(".\n");

      return result;
        }


/* process command-line arguments */
int process_arguments(int argc, char **argv){
      int c;

      if(argc<1)
            return ERROR;

      c=0;
      while((c+=(call_getopt(argc-c,&argv[c])))<argc){

            /*
            if(is_option(argv[c]))
                  continue;
            */
            }

      return validate_arguments();
        }



int call_getopt(int argc, char **argv){
      int c=0;
      int i=0;

      int option_index = 0;
      static struct option long_options[] =
      { 
            {"serverip",       required_argument,0,'s'},
            {"requestedip",    required_argument,0,'r'},
            {"timeout",        required_argument,0,'t'},
            {"interface",      required_argument,0,'i'},
            {"mac",            required_argument,0,'m'},
            {"unicast",        no_argument,      0,'u'},
            {"verbose",        no_argument,      0,'v'},
            {"version",        no_argument,      0,'V'},
            {"help",           no_argument,      0,'h'},
            {0,0,0,0}
      };

      while(1){
            c=getopt_long(argc,argv,"+hVvt:s:r:t:i:m:u",long_options,&option_index);

            i++;

            if(c==-1||c==EOF||c==1)
                  break;

            switch(c){
            case 'w':
            case 'r':
            case 't':
            case 'i':
                  i++;
                  break;
            default:
                  break;
                    }

            switch(c){

            case 's': /* DHCP server address */
                  resolve_host(optarg,&dhcp_ip);
                  add_requested_server(dhcp_ip);
                  break;

            case 'r': /* address we are requested from DHCP servers */
                  resolve_host(optarg,&requested_address);
                  request_specific_address=TRUE;
                  break;

            case 't': /* timeout */

                  /*
                  if(is_intnonneg(optarg))
                  */
                  if(atoi(optarg)>0)
                        dhcpoffer_timeout=atoi(optarg);
                  /*
                  else
                        usage("Time interval must be a nonnegative integer\n");
                  */
                  break;

            case 'm': /* MAC address */

                  if((user_specified_mac=mac_aton(optarg)) == NULL)
                        usage("Cannot parse MAC address.\n");
                  if(verbose)
                        print_hardware_address(user_specified_mac);

                  break;

            case 'i': /* interface name */

                  strncpy(network_interface_name,optarg,sizeof(network_interface_name)-1);
                  network_interface_name[sizeof(network_interface_name)-1]='\x0';

                  break;

            case 'u': /* unicast testing */
                  unicast=1;
                  break;

            case 'V': /* version */
                  print_revision(progname,revision);
                  exit(STATE_OK);

            case 'h': /* help */
                  print_help();
                  exit(STATE_OK);

            case 'v': /* verbose */
                  verbose=1;
                  break;

            case '?': /* help */
                  usage5 ();
                  break;

            default:
                  break;
                    }
              }

      return i;
        }


int validate_arguments(void){

      return OK;
        }


#if defined(__sun__) || defined(__solaris__) || defined(__hpux__)
/* Kompf 2000-2003      see ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS */

/* get a message from a stream; return type of message */
static int get_msg(int fd){
      int flags = 0;
      int res, ret;
      ctl_area[0] = 0;
      dat_area[0] = 0;
      ret = 0;
      res = getmsg(fd, &ctl, &dat, &flags);

      if(res < 0){
            if(errno == EINTR){
                  return(GOT_INTR);
                  }
            else{
                  printf("%s\n", "get_msg FAILED.");
                  return(GOT_ERR);
                  }
            }
      if(ctl.len > 0){
            ret |= GOT_CTRL;
            }
      if(dat.len > 0){
            ret |= GOT_DATA;
            }

      return(ret);
      }

/* verify that dl_primitive in ctl_area = prim */
static int check_ctrl(int prim){
      dl_error_ack_t *err_ack = (dl_error_ack_t *)ctl_area;

      if(err_ack->dl_primitive != prim){
            printf(_("Error: DLPI stream API failed to get MAC in check_ctrl: %s.\n"), strerror(errno));
            exit(STATE_UNKNOWN);
            }

      return 0;
      }

/* put a control message on a stream */
static int put_ctrl(int fd, int len, int pri){

      ctl.len = len;
      if(putmsg(fd, &ctl, 0, pri) < 0){
            printf(_("Error: DLPI stream API failed to get MAC in put_ctrl/putmsg(): %s.\n"), strerror(errno));
            exit(STATE_UNKNOWN);
            }

      return  0;
      }

/* put a control + data message on a stream */
static int put_both(int fd, int clen, int dlen, int pri){

      ctl.len = clen;
      dat.len = dlen;
      if(putmsg(fd, &ctl, &dat, pri) < 0){
            printf(_("Error: DLPI stream API failed to get MAC in put_both/putmsg().\n"), strerror(errno));
            exit(STATE_UNKNOWN);
            }

      return  0;
      }

/* open file descriptor and attach */
static int dl_open(const char *dev, int unit, int *fd){
      dl_attach_req_t *attach_req = (dl_attach_req_t *)ctl_area;

      if((*fd = open(dev, O_RDWR)) == -1){
            printf(_("Error: DLPI stream API failed to get MAC in dl_attach_req/open(%s..): %s.\n"), dev, strerror(errno));
            exit(STATE_UNKNOWN);
            }
      attach_req->dl_primitive = DL_ATTACH_REQ;
      attach_req->dl_ppa = unit;
      put_ctrl(*fd, sizeof(dl_attach_req_t), 0);
      get_msg(*fd);
      return check_ctrl(DL_OK_ACK);
      }

/* send DL_BIND_REQ */
static int dl_bind(int fd, int sap, u_char *addr){
      dl_bind_req_t *bind_req = (dl_bind_req_t *)ctl_area;
      dl_bind_ack_t *bind_ack = (dl_bind_ack_t *)ctl_area;

      bind_req->dl_primitive = DL_BIND_REQ;
      bind_req->dl_sap = sap;
      bind_req->dl_max_conind = 1;
      bind_req->dl_service_mode = DL_CLDLS;
      bind_req->dl_conn_mgmt = 0;
      bind_req->dl_xidtest_flg = 0;
      put_ctrl(fd, sizeof(dl_bind_req_t), 0);
      get_msg(fd);
      if (GOT_ERR == check_ctrl(DL_BIND_ACK)){
            printf(_("Error: DLPI stream API failed to get MAC in dl_bind/check_ctrl(): %s.\n"), strerror(errno));
            exit(STATE_UNKNOWN);
            }
      bcopy((u_char *)bind_ack + bind_ack->dl_addr_offset, addr,
            bind_ack->dl_addr_length);

      return 0;
      }

/***********************************************************************
 * interface:
 * function mac_addr_dlpi - get the mac address of the interface with 
 *                          type dev (eg lnc, hme) and unit (0, 1 ..)
 *
 * parameter: addr: an array of six bytes, has to be allocated by the caller
 *
 * return: 0 if OK, -1 if the address could not be determined
 *
 *
 ***********************************************************************/

long mac_addr_dlpi( const char *dev, int unit, u_char  *addr){
      int fd;
      u_char mac_addr[25];

      if(GOT_ERR != dl_open(dev, unit, &fd)){
            if(GOT_ERR != dl_bind(fd, INSAP, mac_addr)){
                  bcopy( mac_addr, addr, 6);
                  return 0;
                  }
            }
        close(fd);

      return -1;
      }

/* Kompf 2000-2003 */
#endif


/* resolve host name or die (TODO: move this to netutils.c!) */
void resolve_host(const char *in,struct in_addr *out){
      struct addrinfo hints, *ai;

      memset(&hints,0,sizeof(hints));
      hints.ai_family=PF_INET;
      if (getaddrinfo(in,NULL,&hints,&ai) != 0)
            usage_va(_("Invalid hostname/address - %s"),optarg);

      memcpy(out,&((struct sockaddr_in *)ai->ai_addr)->sin_addr,sizeof(*out));
      freeaddrinfo(ai);
      }


/* parse MAC address string, return 6 bytes (unterminated) or NULL */
unsigned char *mac_aton(const char *string){
      static unsigned char result[6];
      char tmp[3];
      unsigned i, j;

      for(i=0, j=0; string[i] != '\0' && j < sizeof(result); i++){
            /* ignore ':' and any other non-hex character */
            if(!isxdigit(string[i]) || !isxdigit(string[i+1]))
                  continue;
            tmp[0]=string[i];
            tmp[1]=string[i+1];
            tmp[2]='\0';
            result[j]=strtol(tmp,(char **)NULL,16);
            i++;
            j++;
            }

      return (j==6) ? result : NULL;
      }


void print_hardware_address(const unsigned char *address){
      int i;

      printf(_("Hardware address: "));
      for (i=0; i<5; i++)
            printf("%2.2x:", address[i]);
      printf("%2.2x", address[i]);
      putchar('\n');
      }


/* print usage help */
void print_help(void){

      print_revision(progname,revision);

      printf("Copyright (c) 2001-2004 Ethan Galstad (nagios@nagios.org)\n");
      printf (COPYRIGHT, copyright, email);
      
      printf("%s\n", _("This plugin tests the availability of DHCP servers on a network."));

  printf ("\n\n");

      print_usage();

      printf (_(UT_HELP_VRSN));

      printf (_(UT_VERBOSE));

      printf (" %s\n", "-s, --serverip=IPADDRESS");
  printf ("    %s\n", _("IP address of DHCP server that we must hear from"));
  printf (" %s\n", "-r, --requestedip=IPADDRESS");
  printf ("    %s\n", _("IP address that should be offered by at least one DHCP server"));
  printf (" %s\n", "-t, --timeout=INTEGER");
  printf ("    %s\n", _("Seconds to wait for DHCPOFFER before timeout occurs"));
  printf (" %s\n", "-i, --interface=STRING");
  printf ("    %s\n", _("Interface to to use for listening (i.e. eth0)"));
  printf (" %s\n", "-m, --mac=STRING");
  printf ("    %s\n", _("MAC address to use in the DHCP request"));
  printf (" %s\n", "-u, --unicast");
  printf ("    %s\n", _("Unicast testing: mimic a DHCP relay, requires -s"));

      return;
      }


void
print_usage(void){
      
  printf (_("Usage:"));
  printf (" %s [-v] [-u] [-s serverip] [-r requestedip] [-t timeout]\n",progname);
  printf ("                  [-i interface] [-m mac]\n");
  
      return;
      }




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